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LAW COVERED- The Constitution of India
The Constitutional Law of India is the supreme most law of our land. It lays down the foundation for all other laws. It prescribes the basic structure that defines the Indian political and societal scenario. It sets out the powers, duties and hierarchy of various institutions (legislature, executive and judiciary) and sets out the fundamental rights and duties of the citizens. The objective behind providing this course is to enable the user to understanding the basic principles provided by the Constitution in the easiest way.


I: Constitution
a. Definition of Constitution and its Classification
b. Sources and Framing of the Indian Constitution
c. Salient features of Indian Constitution
d. Is Indian Constitution Federal in Nature?

II: Constitutional Organs
a. Parliament -i. Composition ii. Parliamentary Sovereignty iii. Parliamentary Privileges
b. Executive Power: Power of President and Governor
c. Judiciary – i. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court and High Courts ii. Independence of Judiciary

III: Distribution of Powers between Centre and States
a. Legislative Relations between Union and the States
b. Administrative Relations between Union and the States
c. Financial Relations between Union and the States
d. Relevant Doctrines: i. Territorial Nexus ii. Harmonious Construction iii. Pith and Substance iv. Doctrine of Repugnancy v. Colorable Legislation

IV: Other Provisions
a. Emergency Provisions: Articles 352- 360
b. Amendment of Constitution – i. Procedure of Amendment of the Constitution ii. Doctrine of Basic Structure

V: Fundamental Rights
a. Definition of ‘State’ for Enforcement of Fundamental Rights: Justifiability of Fundamental Rights, Doctrine of Eclipse, Severability, Waiver
b. Right to Equality (Articles 14-18): Doctrine of Reasonable Classification and the Principle of Absence of Arbitrariness, Legitimate Expectations, Principle of Compensatory Discrimination
c. Fundamental Freedom (Article 19): Freedom of Speech and Expression, Freedom of Press and Media; Expansion by Judicial Interpretation of Article19; Reasonable Restrictions
d. Right to Life and Personal Liberty (Articles 20-22): Scope and Content (Expansive Interpretation- Right to Privacy, Gays’ Rights, Live-in Relationships, etc.)
e. Right to Education (Article 21A): RTE Act, 2009 (Overview)
f. Right against Exploitation (Articles 23-24): Forced Labour, Child Employment and Human Trafficking
g. Freedom of Religion and Cultural and Educational Rights of Minorities(Articles 25-30)

VI: Right to Constitutional Remedies
a. Writ Petitions: Habeas Corpus, Mandamus, Certiorari, Prohibition and Quo-warranto
b. Article. 32 and Article. 226
c. Judicial Review
d. Writ Jurisdiction and Private Sector

VII: Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties
a. Nature and Justiciability of the Directive Principles
b. Detailed Analysis of Directive Principles (Articles 37-51)
c. Fundamental Duties d. Inter-Relationship between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles


  1. Bare Act of The Constitution of India.
  2. V.N. Shukla, Constitution of India, Eastern Book Agency, 2014.
  3. M.P. Jain, Indian Constitutional Law, Lexis Nexis, 2013.
  4. D.D. Basu, Introduction to the Indian Constitution of India, Prentice Hall of India Private Ltd., New Delhi, 1994.
  5. H. M. Seervai, Constitutional Law of India, Universal Law Publishing Co., Reprint, 2013
  6. Glanville Austin, Indian Constitution-Cornerstone of the Nations, Oxford University Press, 1999.
  7. P.M. Bakshi, The Constitution of India, Universal Law Publishing Co., 2014.